Seven years later, Telangana counts its successes and failures
As Telangana completes seven years of statehood, it can boast of significant achievements on the water, agriculture and power fronts. With the increase in irrigation, the state’s crop coverage increased significantly, showing significant improvements in paddy and cotton production.
From a state where industries suffered from prolonged cuts, it has strengthened its energy resources.
Telangana’s GSDP (State Gross Domestic Product) more than doubled to 9.78 crore lakh in 2020-2021, from 3.81 crore lakh in 2013-14. This is also reflected in per capita income. The state’s per capita income increased twice to reach 2.27 lakh in 2020-21 from 1.03 lakh in 2014-15. Telangana’s IT exports topped 1.40 lakh crore in 2020-2021 compared to 60,000 yen crore in the first year after the state of Andhra Pradesh split.
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While these numbers look promising, observers say the distribution of wealth is uneven. They argue that only a handful of districts dominate economic activity, leaving majority districts with lower district gross domestic product.
Jubilant Chief Minister and Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) Head K Chandrashekar Rao said the state could excel in all sectors within seven years. “With many battles, sacrifices, martyrs, we have reached the state. We have laid a solid foundation and achieved stability, ”he said.
“We are keeping the promises made during the state movement one by one. “
But critics and opposition parties criticize the government for its unbalanced policies that have resulted in uneven development. “Only three of the 33 districts reported per capita income above the state average. This reflects an unequal distribution of income, ”says Kanneganti Ravi of Rythu Swarajya Vedika.
The job guarantee scheme does not come to the aid of rural households. While it provided 42 days of work in 2016-17, it averaged 38 days in 2020-21, the RSV said in a detailed report on the state’s progress map.
The state’s experience with a regulated cropping system has also been the subject of strong criticism. With 88 percent of land holdings under five acres, the state cannot ask its farmers to grow capital-intensive cotton. According to the RSV, this would only increase their financial burden. Congress Legislative Assembly Party leader Bhatti Vikramarka said the government had failed to create jobs. Commenting on Chandrashekar Rao’s seven-year reign, he said the government had failed to implement the expense reimbursement program.
“He broke promises to provide two-bedroom houses for the poor and distribute three acres to each of the Dalit families,” he said.
With its incomes impacted by the Covid pandemic and the overall decline of the economy, the state faces a daunting task – young people wait for job notifications, while farmers anticipate access to institutional credit and remunerative prices.