Sex, Gender and Trans Identity – Reason.com
How are men and women biologically different?
In 2017, Google engineer James Damore sparked controversy for writing a leaked memo claiming that women were underrepresented in tech because of innate differences, not gender biases. Damore was fired by Google and widely attacked in the media.
Debra Soh, a psychologist and journalist whose writings appeared in American scientist, Keel, Playboy, and elsewhere, came to his defense. “No, the Google manifesto is neither sexist nor anti-diversity,” she said wrote“It’s science.”
Soh is the author of a new book, The end of gender: debunking myths about sex and identity in our society. She says ReasonNick Gillespie, who worries about the growing denial of science she sees, especially on the left. Her book is organized around what she says are misrepresentations of science that have become commonplace, such as’ gender is a social construct ‘,’ sexual orientation and gender identity are not. related ”and“ gender neutral parenting works ”. At the top of her list is the idea that “biological sex is a spectrum.” Biological sex is a function of the gametes that an individual produces, which can only be eggs or sperm; therefore, she argues, biological sex is binary by definition.
Soh also maintains that sexual orientation is innate, reminding his readers that the tagline born like this was a motto of the gay rights movement. She worries about the consequences when prepubescent children undergo surgery and take hormones to change their gender: she believes the majority of children who say they feel more like the opposite sex will grow up to be gay and not transgender.
Soh is a liberal who believes that all adults should be treated equally under the law and allowed to do whatever they want with their bodies. But she fears activists will twist scientific findings to fit their political views and try to silence researchers who are making good faith efforts to understand the human condition. These efforts do not only erode academic freedom, she argues; they undermine the scientific method, the best way we have to acquire knowledge about the world.
“Activist science, however passionate or well-intentioned, is not science,” she writes. “Activism has no place in scientific research.”
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Interview and narration by Nick Gillespie. Edited by John Osterhoudt.